Family Units within Households - 1999


The Apur  Paris Agency for Urbanism has had the  responsibility of setting up six observatories, created  between  2005 and 2009 with the exception of the one, dealing with trade and commerce, which was created in the 1990s. Their development addresses a need among elected members, administrations and institutional partners of the Apur  to follow better, statistics relevant  to each of their specific  domains and to assess ongoing actions.

Developing Observatories manifests, above all, a search for high quality based on data recognised, by the actor-user community, to be sound. Regularly updated they allow comparison with other geographical zones to be made and, being accessible for a number of years, developments to be followed.

The 6 Observatories

The latter is composed of the three following tools:

The Apur's Role
The Observatories entrusted to the Apur  address social and urban issues. They generally have an extensive statistical content.
The choice of giving responsibility to the Apur for developing these tools  is linked to:

  • The make-up of its  Board of Directors which brings together  the State, the City of  Paris, the Regional Council, the  Paris City Transport Authority -RATP-  and the Chamber of  Trade and Commerce. The Apur offers a  favourable framework for the emergence of projects shared by these acting bodies.
  • The  multidisciplinary make up of the Apur teams (notably statisticians, economists and IT engineers), render it possible to set up such tools.

The Observatories run by the Apur have the following common characteristics:

  • A partnership is organised under the auspices of  a department of the City or Department ( one of the 95 main administrative divisions of France) of Paris. Participating partners vary according to the Observatory and the  Government is nearly always involved.
  • A Steering Committee and a Monitoring Committee, the former defines directions to be taken the latter follows  through the work carried out.
  • The presence of a scientific  expert,  an indisputable scientific authority is chosen to follow the activities of each Observatory and to vouch for the the objectivity of the work and its scientific value.
  • The building up of a database:; This is created to capitalise on and follow through all information by filing it according to year, district and type of information, etc.
  • Creating documented files: a system of indexing has been developed so that each item can be precisely described (useful for the Observatory, statistical limits, name of issuing bodies, release date, etc.)


Parisian Families

The Observatory of Parisian Families was created in 2006 to know better and to study this concept  which had been given very little consideration when addressing human and social issues.

Social Inclusion and the Fight against Exclusion

The  Paris Observatory for Social Inclusion and the Fight against Exclusion was created in 2009.
Its mission is to organise a more efficient sharing of knowledge of the phenomena of poverty and social exclusion, to facilitate access and put in place monitoring of the principal quantitative indicators, so as to give public authorities the necessary perspective for making decisions.

Parisian Districts of the City of Paris' Policy

The Government decided in 2003 to create a National Observatory for Sensitive Urban Zones -ZUS-, set up by the Inter-ministerial Delegation of the City (DIV). This Observatory proposes a list of indicators allowing statistical monitoring of the situation in -ZUS-. Paris priority geography is not confined to -ZUS-  defined in 1996, the City of Paris wanted an Observatory to be set up that would cover all territories of the City's Policy. Its creation was  included in the partnership programme  of the Apur in 2004.

The Situation of the Disabled

Created in 2008, the Observatory was born of the acknowledgement, shared by numerous actors, of the difficulty of gathering statistics and consequently of the difficulty of following actions through, assessing the needs of people with disabilities and the setting up well adapted solutions. Its creation came in response to the objectives of the Master Plan for the Autonomy and Participation of Disabled People, that Paris  established in 2006

Database on Trade and Commerce in Paris (BDCOM)

To facilitate actions undertaken separately or in partnership in the field of commerce, the City of Paris, the Delegation of the Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry -CCIP-: and the Apur have agreed to improve their knowledge of Parisian trading. To achieve this they have, since 1997, put together a common database called Database on Trade and Commerce in Paris -Banque de données sur le commerce -BDcom- aimed at permitting analysis of the commercial fabric and its evolution.

Housing and Living Conditions

The law n°2004-809 passed on 13th August  2004 on local liberties and responsibilities planned the setting up of a Housing and Living Conditions Observatory within the framework of local housing programmes -PLH- and  the Government Delegation of the  Departmental responsible for attributing Housing Aid.

The  Paris Housing Observatory, planned by the -PLH-  was adopted by the Paris City Council in October 2004. Its creation was confirmed by the Skills Delegation Agreement approved by the Paris Council 7th February 2005 and signed on 20th April 2005

Prevention of old buildings becoming run-down

This observatory takes over from the Observatory of Insalubrity which ceased to be operational in 2011, at the same time as its plan to reintegrate substandard housing reached its end.


The new observatory has preventive objective.

Its aims is to predictively locate old, residential buildings facing difficulties so as to avoid them becoming run-down and insalubrious.

Lead Poisening, Lack of Hygiene and Run Down Housing

In 2002, while engaged on an ambitious programme to reduce run down housing,  involving 1030 buildings, the City of Paris wanted to develop a monitoring system, in partnership with  State services, to follow operational development. The decision to create this Observatory appeared within the framework of the Housing Convention signed by the Government and the City of Paris in February 2002. The actual setting up of the Observatory took place in 2003, with the  Apur chosen as Project Manager.

Hotels Providing Social Accomodation

The Observatory for Hotels Providing Social Accommodation was created in 2006 at the demand  of the City of Paris, following a fire in the Hotel Paris Opera in April 2005 which cost the lives of 25 people.
The aim of the Observatory is to improve knowledge of hotels providing furnished accommodation and tourist hotels, regularly used by the social services and operators as emergency social housing.