Income developments in the Greater Paris -Métropole du Grand Paris-

Similarly to other large metropolises in the world, Métropole du Grand Paris is marked by  great inequality both socially and between different areas.  
How have these disparities developed over the last fifteen years?

Canal de l’Ourcq - July 2019 © Apur - Bertrand Guigou

This note analyses social dynamics from the standpoint of household incomes throughout Métropole du Grand Paris. 
The analysis covers quite a long period, from 2001 to 2016, in order that the real trends of narrowing and widening of the income gap can be measured. 

Disparities grew in most municipalities and districts generating an ever-increasing polarisation between affluent and low-income areas. In certain areas like Plaine Commune, Paris Terres d’Envol, and Grand-Orly Seine Bièvre the incomes of households still remain very low and the gaps continue to widen in relation to the regional average income. Conversely, the affluence of areas like Grand Paris Seine Ouest and Paris Ouest La Défense has been consolidated.

Globally speaking, moves to rebalance these trends appear to be very limited despite the guidelines in place, which confirms the dominant trends inherited from the past. The most central and accessible neighbourhoods have undergone social changes which show the arrival of newcomers with higher incomes moving into communes that remain on the whole lower-class.  Urban development and transport projects also appear to have a very important impact locally and encourage these dynamics.

Faced with this situation, which is not new and seems to be escalating, the objective of re-balancing these different sectors of the metropolis is a major issue so that, at the very least, all inhabitants have access to the same services and amenities.

Infographie - Evolution des revenus dans la Métropole du Grand Paris © Apur


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  • Note

    Income developments in the Greater Paris -Métropole du Grand Paris-

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