Observatory of businesses and shops in Paris (BDCOM)

November 2018, last updated 12 April 2021
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In order to facilitate action taken on commerce, be it carried out independently or in partnership, the City of Paris, the Paris Delegation of the Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Paris Urbanism Agency -Apur- decided to increase their knowledge of commerce in Paris. In order to achieve this,  they established, in 1997, a common database called -Banque de données sur le commerce (BDcom) whose mission has since been to enable analyses of the the commercial fabric and its development to be carried out.

The pedestrian shopping street Rue Daguerre, seen from local shops © Apur

Since 2000, the commercial database, BDCom, has updated an inventory of Parisian commercial outlets every three years, using field surveys carried out on all Parisian streets. 8 such surveys have so far been carried out. The surveyed premises are on the ground floor of buildings, have a display window and visible access giving onto public space. Premises located in courtyards, if accessible, or in shopping malls are also taken into account. The last survey took place in October 2020. It gave rise to a study that describes the situation of shops and services in Paris just after the first lockdown period and provides a measure of how the situation evolved over the previous 3 years.

How it works
The BDCom programme of activities is defined within the framework of an implementation agreement between the City of Paris, the Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry - CCIP, and Apur. The current agreement covers the period 2019-2021. Each year an amendment specifies the exact content of the work to be carried out. The job of producing and updating the database is entrusted to the Paris Urbanism Agency. 

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