Population, housing, employment - Part 2: housing

View from the TDF tower Ramainville Site looking towards Bagnolet and Des Lilas © Apur - D. Boureau
Analysis of the 2013 census results
In 2013, the Greater Paris metropolis - Métropole du Grand Paris (MGP) had a housing stock of 3,5 million units 1,4 million of which were in Paris. The MGP housing stock had increased by 81,050 units since 2008 (+2,4%) 14,681 of which were in Paris. (+1,1%), which represented an average of 16,210 new housing units per year.  
The majority of the MGP housing stock was made up of main residences (89,6%), however the proportion fell by -0.4% between  2008 and 2013. This drop was slightly higher in Paris where the number of main residences went from 85.5%  in 2008 to 84.9% in 2013 (-0.6 points). This lowering of the percentage of main residences is a result of the number of unoccupied housing units which makes up 10.4% of housing in MGP and 15.1% of Parisian housing. This rise is mainly due to an increase in second homes and  temporary lets linked to the development of short term rented furnished accommodation and the boom in letting platforms such as Airbnb over recent years. 
From 1975 to 1999 the average number of people per room lowered inducing a rise of space available per inhabitant and consequently the occupying of a housing unit becoming more comfortable. Between 2008 and 2013 this stabilised at 0.74% in MGP and 0.73 in Paris. 
After having seen an increase in occupied ownership up until 2008, the proportion of owned housing stabilised in MGP in 2013. The percentage of the rented housing stock increasing and number of tenants in the private stock showing a slightly downward trend.  
The first part of the study on the population in 2013 came out in November 2016 and a third part on the question of employment in the metropolis is also to be published.


Documents to download

  • Population, housing, employment - Analysis of the 2013 census results - Part 2: housing

    Format : pdf, 15.84 MB