7th March 2017 - Île-de-France results of the new 2013 national housing survey

Housing conditions in Île-de-France - 2017 publication
In spite of the banking crisis, the amount of building in Île-de-France beat a record in 2016 with over 70,000 housing units under construction, a level not reached for nearly forty years. The offer of rented  social housing also increased by17,000 housing units per year. Nevertheless, 9.3% of the population living in Île-de-France suffer from inadequate housing: 976,900 live in difficult housing conditions and 159,000 are deprived of a home of their own, living either with a third party or at a hotel.
The 2013 national housing survey (ENL) provides precious information on the evolution of the housing stock and its occupants, the percentage of the budget that householders spend to be housed, and what they think about where they live. It also sheds light on the evolution of housing over long periods of time, how trends reverse and specificities of Île-de-France within the national context.
This edition is the ninth to be published jointly by IAU, Insee, Apur, DRIHL, and DRIEA since 1973 
The 2013 ENL shows a capital region where:
  • The amount of building work has substantially increased: 45,000 housing units per year between 2007 and 2013, and this in spite of the banking crisis in 2008.
  • Housing conditions continue to improve for Île-de-France inhabitants : lack of sanitation has practically disappeared and the proportion of households declaring satisfaction with their housing is increasing, as are households speaking about the improved quality of the environment surrounding their building and particularly in their neighbourhood (including tenants in the social housing sector).     
  • For 40 years the housing market has satisfied the aspirations of a large percentage of households’ who are able to buy their own homes, and has also provided for lower income households who need social housing. The social housing offer in Île-de-France is one of the largest in the national territory (a quarter of the stock compared to 16% in France as a whole).
  • However, the rise in the cost of housing (paying off loans or rent), continues to rise faster than income, using up a growing part of many households’ budgets. An estimation indicates that 1,100,000 people, that is 10% of Île-de-France inhabitants, suffer from being badly housed. 
The ENL: 1,500 questions on the housing conditions of Île-de-France households in order to know everything about housing conditions in Île-de-France
In January 2016, Insee made available the last national housing survey (ENL). It deals with the year 2013 and is similar to surveys carried out by Insee every four years since 1955. The wealth of information explains the time spent processing it.
The analysis of the survey has resulted in 47 articles being written. They aim to inform the key players about the housing stock and its occupants, the cost of housing for households and the way the market works. They also include elements of the opinions and desires of householders concerning housing.
Problem orientated and enriched, these articles explain the evolution observed in the short, medium and long term. They also shed light on Île-de-France specificities in regards to other large French conglomerations and the national territory, as well as at an sub-regional level between Paris, the inner ring of suburbs and greater Paris.
  • IAU : S.Kocki 01 77 49 75 78
  • Apur : Q.Treton 01 42 76 21 59
  • Insee : E.Bonnefoi
  • DRIHL IF : C. Gauthier 01 82 52 48 87
  • DRIEA : S. Carvalheiro 01 40 61 82 24


Documents to download

  • Press pack - 7th March 2017 - Île-de-France results of the new 2013 national housing survey

    Format : pdf, 342.69 KB